Deep Cleaning Teeth: What is it, Advantages and Disadvantages, Cost

Deep Cleaning Teeth

Good dental hygiene can prevent bad breath and gum disease. It is important to brush your teeth regularly and visit the dentist at least twice a year for routine deep cleaning teeth.

Sometimes, however, a dentist may recommend deep teeth cleaning. You might need to have your teeth cleaned by a dentist if you have receding or bleeding gums and loose teeth, or deep gum cleaning. Deep cleaning, also known as periodontal scale or root planning, is common but not without its risks.

What are deep teeth cleaning?

Deep teeth cleanings can reduce gum inflammation and improve gum health by removing any buildup of tartar and plaque.

Plaque, a sticky film on the teeth, is caused by bacteria. Plaque is made up of bacteria and forms when saliva mixes with food particles. Plaque, which builds up on your teeth every day, can be removed by brushing.

However, brushing alone won’t get rid of all the plaque between your teeth. Tartar is formed when plaque remains and calcifies.

The accumulation of tartar or plaque can cause gum disease. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis, if left untreated can lead to periodontitis. This is a serious infection which causes the loss of the bone supporting the teeth.


  • Stops gum disease
  • Bad breath can be stopped
  • Protects the roots of your teeth
  • Promotes healthy gums


  • Sensitivity and slight pain
  • Gum recession can occur
  • After the procedure, there is a risk of infection
  • In very rare instances, nerve damage may occur.

What are the advantages of deep teeth cleaning?

If your gum disease causes your teeth to pull away from your gums, a deep cleaning may be necessary.

Gum disease can worsen if the gap between your teeth and gums continues to grow. This can lead to weakening of the bones supporting your teeth and may cause loose teeth or even tooth loss.

Deep cleaning is recommended by your dentist.

  • Stop the progression of gum disease.
  • Treating an existing infection is key to healing.
  • Cleaning your teeth below and above the gumline
  • Gum disease can cause bad breath.
  • Protect the roots of your teeth

What are the disadvantages of deep cleaning your teeth?

Deep cleaning is a great way to treat gum disease. However, it has its downsides. Deep cleaning teeth has its disadvantages:

  • Nerve damage can occur
  • It doesn’t guarantee the reattachment or fusion of your gums and your teeth.
  • Your gums may recede.
  • Possible infection if your immune system is compromised
  • Pain and sensitivity

Side effects most commonly include pain and sensitivity. Deep cleaning is usually safe and lasts for only 5 to 7 days. However, in more severe cases, it may take up to several weeks.

What do deep cleaning teeth involve?

Deep cleaning teeth are different from regular teeth cleanings. Regular cleaning removes plaque from the gumline. Deep cleaning removes tartar and plaque from below the gumline.

Gum disease is a condition that causes an area between your gums and teeth where plaque and tartar can get trapped. This buildup can be removed by cleaning below the gumline.

Deep cleaning involves root planing and gum scaling

Deep cleanings are usually performed over several visits and include root planning and gum scaling. Each visit can take between 1 and 2 hours.

Your deep cleaning dentist will remove plaque and tartar below your gum line during a tooth scaling appointment. Your dentist will remove plaque and tartar from the roots of your teeth during the root planning appointment. This reduces the distance between your teeth, teeth cleaning under the gums. It also helps your gums reattach to your teeth.

Antibiotics may be necessary.

You might need to take antibiotics for a few days if your immune system has been compromised. There is a chance of infection following the procedure. Sometimes the bacteria get released into the bloodstream as a result of the deep cleaning process of the teeth.

Is deep cleaning painful?

Tooth scaling and root planning can cause discomfort. If deep scaling of the teeth is painful,, you will be given a local or topical anesthetic.

After treatment, you can expect some sensitivity. You might experience swelling and minor bleeding.

How to reduce the sensitivity following the procedure

You can reduce your sensitivity by eating soft foods such as yogurt, applesauce, and mashed potatoes for a few days following surgery. Avoid eating cold or extremely hot foods.

You can reduce inflammation by taking over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

Regular flossing and brushing can promote healing and decrease gum inflammation. Brush your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristle toothbrush and floss at most once a day.

How much does deep teeth cleaning cost?

Deep cleaning costs vary depending on how severe your gum disease is.

Most people will only need two visits. However, some people may require up to four visits to remove all tartar and plaque. Your mouth is divided into quadrants during these cleanings. Depending on your location and how extensive the treatment you require, you could pay $100 per quadrant.

If you have deep cleaning dental insurance, most plans cover deep cleanings.

Takeaway – Deep cleaning

Deep teeth cleaning can help eliminate bad breath and promote healing of gum disease. Teeth deep cleanings can have side effects and complications.

While this is a safe and common procedure, there will be some sensitivity afterward. Consult your dentist if you experience swelling, bleeding, pain, or persistent discomfort for more than one week following your procedure.

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