Security Operations Center (SOC) is the central and most important unit within a company responsible for managing its security operations. SOC’s main purpose is to provide situational awareness using a variety of tools and technologies that enable the detection of potential cyber threats and analysis of them before reporting them to other members of the organization.Let’s now learn more about SOC Analyst and what they do within an organization.
What is SOC?
As mentioned, SOC stands to Security Operations Center.Monitoring is the main objective of the members of this group.Select and protect your company from cyberattacks. An organization’s SOC team protects sensitive and confidential company data as well as brand integrity and business systems. This team is responsible for integrating and implementing the entire Cyber Security strategy and acts as the primary point of contact to monitor and avoid digital attacks.
What is a SOC Analyst?
A SOC analyst is like a cyber security analyst and is often the first to respond to a cyber attack. They provide information about cyber threats and recommend ways to improve the organization’s security. After reviewing the incident notifications, they conduct vulnerability assessments and then report their findings to their senior colleagues.
Below is a list of the job description and responsibilities for SOC Analysts in organizations:
- You can monitor the security access and report any possible cyberattacks to a senior employee of the company
- To identify any vulnerabilities that could have an effect on your company, perform risk analysis and security operations
- Security breaches and their root causes are listed.
- Prepare reports that allow experts to modify security policies according to the company’s needs
For better security in your company, come up with improvements strategies
- To avoid cyberattacks, make sure to regularly update your company’s security systems
Conduct security audits
After you’ve learned a bit about SOC, the people who work in it, and their jobs, you can now read about the experience and qualifications required to be a professional in this area.
Also read: How to Become a Cybersecurity Engineer
SOC Analyst Requirements
To become a successful SOC Analyst.It is crucial that you meet all the criteria Most organizations worldwide require them.This section will discuss the educational qualifications you will need and the skills you must have to be successful in this job role.
Education Qualification for a SOC Analyst
This domain is the best place to start your career.You should hold a bachelor’s in computer science or another similar field.You must also complete proper training at a reputable institute and obtain certification to become a Certified SOC Analyst (CSA).This is the first step to becoming a member the SOC team at any company.
Skills to be a SOC Analyst
To get a job in this industry and advance in your career, you will need certain skills. These are the skills you will need to be a CSA.
- Network defenders: It is a primary responsibility of CSA in every company to protect the network. This will enable you to detect, analyze, and monitor any potential threats via the Internet that could disrupt the network. Hackers can attack your network easily as they have access to the Internet and are able to find vulnerabilities. You must have the ability to monitor network traffic and respond to suspicious activities.
- Ethical Hacking: SOC professionals who are skilled in Ethical Hacking can identify potential threats and report them to the company so they remain protected against attacks. They are also familiar with perpetration testing, which is used to test web applications and systems and identify vulnerabilities.
- Respond to incidents: You will need to be able to deal with the various effects of security breaches and recommend changes to security controls in order to protect the company from future breaches.
- Computer Forensics: As a SOC professional, To prevent cybercrime within your company, you need to be proficient in computer forensics. You will be able to gather, analyze and report security data if you have a good understanding of this module. You will also need to find and analyze evidence in order to prevent future security breaches.
- Reverse engineering: You will have the skills to reverse engineer software programs so that you can understand their performance and be able patch them.
These professionals are the most likely to react to security concerns and analyze cyberattacks. They review incident alerts and run vulnerability tests before reporting them to their senior colleagues, the Tier 2 professionals. They ensure that all security monitoring tools are available to the team in a practical manner.
Let’s also discuss the responsibilities and skills of Tier 1 and Tier 2, respectively.
- Tier1 SOC Analysts: Level 1 Analysts should have the ability to manage various operating systems including Windows, Linux and macOS. They should also be proficient in programming languages such as C#, Python and Perl. They must be able to recognize the urgency of security incidents and escalate concerns to Tier 2 Analysts.
- Tier 2 SOC Analysts: These are also known as incident responders. They review all tickets from Tier 1 professionals and collect all details to determine the extent of the cyberattack.
After you’ve read all about the skills needed to become an SOC certified expert, let’s dive into the tools and techniques used by these professionals.
Top-of-the-line SOC Analyst Tools
The CSA has many tools and technologies available to help you create strong security protocols for your organization. These are the most widely-used and popular open-source SOC tools.
Delta is an Open Networking Foundation project that allows SOC professionals and hackers to identify possible problems in a software defined network (SDN). Delta can look at both known and undiscovered network problems.
HoneyNet is an SOC tool that allows experts understand common attack patterns and devise strategies to fool perpetrators to trick perpetrators to ensure that assets connected to the network are protected.
Lynis is a very popular tool for UNIX systems. This tool allows professionals to monitor all applications and utilities that are part of UNIX systems and to identify vulnerabilities and configurations.
Ettercap is the best tool for testing man-in-the middle (MitM) attacks. It is used often to analyze the environment’s response to cyberattacks.
It has a large library of transformations that allows analysts to deal with security threats. This tool is used often for data mining and link analysis.
6. Infection Monkey
This tool detects events in networks that could occur if hackers or attackers hack them and gain access to them.
This tool can be used as an intrusion prevention system and intrusion detection system (IDS/IPS). It allows SOC specialists to conduct real-time analysis, find vulnerabilities and attack cyberattacks.
Nagios allows analysts monitor the entire network including traffic, infrastructure and connected servers.
Vega is a web security scanner and testing platform that allows professionals to scan web applications for deliberate SQL injection (SQLi), XSS and other issues related to scripting.
OpenVAS is a scanner. This website aims to identify and evaluate company assets with anomalies could expose the network and to security breaches.
SOC Analyst Salary
SOC Analysts are the most highly-paid Cyber Security professionals worldwide.
According to Glassdoor, the US average salary for a CSA is US$62,060 per year. Depending on their experience and skill, it could rise up to US$100,000.
These Analysts in India make an average of Rs479,000 per annum. However, it all depends on many factors like geographical location, job role, company, experience, and other factors. They can also earn as much as Rs1,036,000 per the year.
Become a SOC Analyst
This blog will give you an overview of SOC and who SOC analysts are. It also covered their various roles within an organization. This article has provided a detailed description of the skills you will need to become CSA and continue your career in this field.
You must enroll in a reputable institute’s best training program to acquire all the necessary skills and begin your journey towards becoming a CSA. You will also benefit from industry-grade experience, which will help you learn and improve your chances of landing the job that is right for you. Get started today!