There are many sizes and shapes of data centers. Some types of data centers require minimal or even zero capital. Other types, on the other hand, offer complete control over your IT infrastructure.
The technology of data centers has advanced significantly. You can now find data centers that are so small you’ll be astonished at their quality.
IT-dependent companies consider data centers integral to their operations. Understanding the types of data centers will enable you to align your business goals with the right IT infrastructure.
This article will explain what a data center is, and then I’ll discuss the various types.
So, let’s begin.
What is a Data Center?
A data center is a place where you can store IT infrastructure including servers, network devices, and storage devices. This includes all operating systems, applications, data, and data that are stored on those servers and devices.
It is better to keep your IT infrastructure in a Data Center than on-premises. Why? Let me explain first what a data center does.
The purpose of a Data Center
A data center is a place that contains a dedicated space and power. cooling and connectivity for your IT infrastructure. Many data centers offer backup for services that are critical to organizations that have high uptime needs.
Data centers also have dedicated security and IT staff to manage and facility staff to maintain the buildings. These attributes allow a data center offers significantly higher levels of security, reliability, connectivity, and maintenance than a regular building.
Let’s now look at what a data center is and what it does.
6 Types Of Data Centers
This section will give you an overview of the 6 types of data centers. These data centers have many strengths, and you may want to use them for your IT infrastructure.
1. Colocation Data Center
A colocation data center is usually an economical option. The most popular type of data center is the colocation or colo data center. However, a multi-tenant facility is probably. It can serve multiple clients or tenants. When you set up your IT infrastructure in a colon, other clients can share the facility.
One major advantage of a colocation data center is its cost-effectiveness. It is less expensive than most data centers, from a CAPEX perspective. You also have significant control.
You lease space, power, and cooling from the operator of a colocation data center. You also have full control of your IT hardware, software, and network.
The colocation data center is a good option for small businesses. If you are looking to reduce capital costs and share a facility, this data center can be a great option.
2. Enterprise Data Center
An enterprise data center gives you complete control. Data centers can be owned by organizations. You can construct, private-own, and use these data centers only for your business.
To own a data center, you will need to have a large amount of capital. A data center’s powered shell (the exterior plus power and cooling) costs USD400M to USD800M. Running a data center will also You will need to create a management team and recruit IT talent, as well as security personnel.
The greatest strength of an enterprise data center is its ability to give you full control over all aspects of your IT infrastructure. This includes all your applications, data, and facility.
This is the best choice for large companies that want total exclusivity in a Data Center. Enterprise data centers are not cheap. If you have the resources, however, it is possible to make your enterprise data center a reality.
3. Cloud Data Center
Cloud data centers are highly scalable. It is a cloud-based service that provides access and control over a virtualized IT infrastructure. It is Infrastructure as a Service.
You don’t need to manage the physical components of your IT infrastructure with a cloud data center. This includes physical servers, routers, and networking.
Cloud data centers have the attributes of cloud computing. This is their greatest advantage. They are extremely scalable and practically zero CAPEX, provide flexible payments, etc.
This type of data center offers you even greater CAPEX than a colocation data center. The downside is that your facility and the physical IT infrastructure won’t be fully under your control.
Also read: Top 10 Data Warehouse Tools
4. Edge Data Center
If you are looking for speed, choose an edge data center! This is a new type of data center. An edge data center is essentially a smaller-sized colocation facility.
These data centers are built by businesses close to their end users. Edge data center operators do not build one large data center. Instead, they create many smaller data centers near their clients.
The reasoning behind this architecture is to reduce latency. This improves application response time and enhances the overall user experience (UX). The greatest advantage of an edge data center is its speed.
Edge data centers are faster from a network and UX perspective than traditional monolithic data centers. Edge data centers are best if you require a quick response from your data-center-hosted apps, such as content delivery or gaming.
5. Micro Data Center
You can have a micro data center as small as a locker A micro data center is a subclass of the edge data center. This type of data center is smaller than the average edge data center. Some micro data centers are as small as a locker or a room.
The ability of a micro data center to reduce latency is its strength. Because it is not a facility, its modular design differs from traditional data center standards. You could easily store them on-premises without any problems.
If your business is primarily dependent on the Internet of Things devices, you will need a micro-data center. These devices are best suited to micro data centers because of their low latency.
6. Hyperscale Data Center
To support rapid scaling, you can get hyper-scale data centers. Hyperscale data centers are sprawling single-site facilities. These centers also house thousands of servers. Each one is equipped with huge storage capacities and high-speed networks and computing power.
The only distinction between colocation and hyper-scale data centers is scale. Hyperscale data centers are significantly stronger and more scalable than the other two.
Their greatest strength is their ability to support large-scale computing resources with rapid scaling. Hyperscale data centers are used by companies like Amazon, Google, and Facebook.
Hyperscale data centers are not for everyone, it is obvious. You can see the cost of these data centers by looking at the size of companies that use them. If you are running large data projects, or require massive and scalable computing power, then hyper-scale data centers might be the best option.
Another method of classifying data centers is to use data center rating. This rating system was developed by the Uptime Institute for data center performance.
Before you decide different types of data centers are right for your company, it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with the various types. Before making a decision, it’s important to understand the main advantages and limitations of each type.
You should, for example, know which data center offers the best CAPEX savings, highest control, fastest response times, and the most scalability.