Top 10 Programming Languages ​​for Cyber ​​Security Programming

Top 10 Programming Languages ​​for Cyber ​​Security Programming

To communicate with each other, humans use spoken languages every day. Did you know that there are thousands of programming languages available for human-machine communication?

Digital languages will become increasingly important as digital systems become more integral to our daily lives. KX research has shown that 45% of US students between 16 and 23 can code or are learning to code.

Programming is essential for network administration, web development, software development, and business systemization. Cybersecurity is a growing field that has seen a rise in the demand for programmers.

Do you want to learn are best programming languages for cybersecurity? This article will cover 10 programming languages you might want to learn to jumpstart your cyber security career.

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security refers to how we protect computers and networks from malicious actors.

Cybercriminals are able to steal valuable data and digital assets from the Internet, which is why it’s so wide. Cyber adversaries might seek to cause as much disruption as possible in some cases.

Cybersecurity is becoming more important due to the sophisticated techniques used by cybercriminals. Hackers inject malicious code into websites, apps, or the devices of their victims. This type of cybercrime is more difficult to combat than traditional social engineering hacking efforts, such as Phishing.

The global cyber security market is expected to grow to $403 Billion by 2027.

Experts in computer programming fields are not surprised that cybersecurity is a highly lucrative career option.

What is a Programming Language?

Programming languages are a collection of grammatical rules or vocabulary that can be read by machines when they are written correctly. The machine, whether a computer, smartphone, or server, can translate the language into binary code (1s & 0s). It can be described as a set of instructions that humans have written for computers.

These languages can be used by programmers to create a software (e.g. business process management software), and write code for computers to execute or organize control within machine hierarchies.

What Programming Languages are Used in Cyber Security?

This question depends on the environment and the responsibilities of the cyber-security operation. A cyber security expert should have a variety of programming languages in his arsenal.

These languages are very popular due to their wide adoption in the tech industry. These languages are used in databases, applications, and servers. It is also beneficial to learn niche programming languages that are specifically designed for cybersecurity tasks.

Also read: What is the Difference Between Coding and Programming?

Top 10 Programming Languages ​​for Cyber ​​Security Programming

We have put together a list of the top 10 programming languages we recommend for cyber security.

1. C / C++

C was one of the first programming languages ever created. However, it is still a popular choice. Although it is used primarily for software design, it has been a popular tool for cybercriminals to create malware applications in recent years.

C++ is an extension to C that supports different types of commands. This allows you to ‘declaratively’ program, which means that you can specify the desired result instead of giving a specific sequence.

C/C++, a low-level programming language is machine-oriented and not human-oriented. It can create a complex syntax that is difficult to understand for beginners. It is popular among hackers because it has a low impact on the systems and allows for fast execution of commands.

Most cyber security professionals will need to have a basic understanding of C/C++. Reading C/C++ is enough to help you spot weaknesses in the code and reverse engineer it.

2. Python

In 2022, Python was the most used programming language. It is versatile and popular in cyber security for automating tasks. This could include scanning your host network for malicious codes or connections. These data can then be stored in a PySpark DataFrame to further analyze the dataset.

It is a high-level programming language that most people find easier than the other entries. Access to thousands of Python libraries will be available, so you don’t need to start over when building your cyber security tools.

3. Java

Java is a well-known programming language that can be compiled and run on any device that supports Java Virtual Machine.

This language is used to develop back-end applications on Android and PC. Large companies still use it to analyze and sort large datasets.

It is therefore a common programming language used by hackers who want to steal data from high-profile corporate targets. Reverse-engineering software is used to find weaknesses in target systems. These vulnerabilities are discovered by cyber security experts using Java to perform penetration tests.

4. JavaScript

JavaScript and C++ are unrelated, but don’t let this fool you. JavaScript is better suited for front-end development, such as client-side operations on websites. You can make web applications interactive for your customers by using the customer onboarding template.

It does not require compilation as Java, but it only requires interpretation to be executed. It’s also simpler to use, which makes it more popular among cyber-criminals. JavaScript is often used by hackers to attack websites with poor security. Cross-site scripting hacks (XSS), which inject malicious code onto the target website, are a popular method of attack.

JavaScript is used by cyber security professionals to create secure websites that are immune from XSS attacks. This is achieved by managing inputs like cookies and event handlers.

5. PHP

PHP is the most used language for server-side programming. PHP is used to build many websites, including their templates, management systems, and frameworks.

Cybercriminals often use PHP to attack. This happens when the target machine becomes overwhelmed with data requests, which causes systems to crash and overload. Cybercriminal data virtualization opens the door for theft. Information receipts could also be destroyed. This means you may lose data associated with your website.

For cyber security, PHP is very useful in protecting web applications‘ server sides. A PHP expert will be able to identify vulnerabilities before they are exploited.

6. SQL

Structured Query Language (or SQL) is a programming language that allows data to be stored, retrieved, and manipulated.

It is extremely popular in the enterprise and cloud-level apps that manage large databases on servers. These data can be extremely sensitive, including contact center technology, online banking, or healthcare records belonging to customers or employees of said corporations.

To hack these databases, cybercriminals use SQL injection. This method can potentially compromise the data of millions. Even Kudu data storage systems could be at risk.

SQL is therefore a highly respected programming language that cyber security professionals should be familiar with.

Also read: 8 Best Programming Languages For Game Developers

7. Go

Google created Go, also known as Golang to be used for general programming purposes.

It has been a popular choice for cyber security professionals in recent years due to its large libraries. The language can be easily converted into other programming languages. The GopherJS compiler can convert Go code to JavaScript.

8. Ruby

Ruby programming language is used primarily to create commercial web applications.

It offers numerous creative solutions to problems in web development. This means it takes less time and requires less code to achieve the same results. This makes it attractive for QA in the agile process.

The syntax is largely the same as Python so it’s an easy language to learn by many cybersecurity professionals.

9. PowerShell

Shell scripting refers to the commands that you use on a UNIX Shell, which is the command-line interpreter for the operating system of your computer. PowerShell then is the scripting language that runs on the Windows operating system. Hackers have used it to execute malicious commands such as looking up the domain information of a device or deleting its software.

It may be useful to cyber security professionals for performing OS-side functions, such as shutting down an emergency system.

10. Bash Shell

PowerShell is the most popular scripting language on Windows. Bash Shell, however, is the most popular scripting language on Linux operating systems. Bash Shell knowledge is a useful tool for managing Linux devices. This is common in Internet-of-Things technology.

Conclusion

This article has highlighted our top 10 choice programming languages for cybersecurity. You should now have an idea of the uses for each programming language by now.

This is not an exhaustive list. It will be obvious that the more you learn about coding, you’ll become better at protecting applications from malicious attacks and handling them.

Collect all data about your attackers and their systems as part of your cyber security journey. You can then use the data to build convolutional neural network layers to identify patterns of malicious activity.

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