Cybercrimes can have a devastating effect on our world as we move towards digitization. As technology advances, more people rely on internet-enabled services to do their daily activities. Cybercrimes are more prevalent than ever, including the storage of credit card numbers and online transactions. These digital attacks can have devastating consequences and cause serious damage. In this blog, We read about popular and different types of Cyber crime.
What is Cybercrime?
This is one of the most common and prevalent forms of crime worldwide. Cybercrime can be described as the intentional exploitation of technology-dependent networks, systems, and enterprises through computer networks. Cybercrimes can be classified into several types malicious code can be used to alter data and gain unauthorized entry.
What are the Categories of Cybercrime?
Cybercrimes can be divided into three broad categories: individual, property, and government. Cybercriminals use different types and levels of threat depending on the type of cybercrime.
- Individual: Disseminating malicious, illegal, or untrue information via the internet and digital applications by one person is a cybercrime. Cyberspeaking, pornography distribution, and trafficking are just a few examples.
- Property: Cybercrime is very similar to a real-life situation where a criminal illegally keeps a bank account or credit card number. To steal bank information or to make phishing scams online, the hacker can access the personal financial details of an individual to get money.
- Government: This cybercrime is the least common, but it is also the most serious. Cyber Terrorism is also considered a cyber crime against the government. Cybercrime against the government can include hacking websites or military websites as well as the distribution and distribution of propaganda.
What are the Common Types of Cyber Crime?
1. Web Attacks
Web attacks can affect your computer via the internet. These viruses can be downloaded via the internet and cause irreversible and large-scale damage to your system.
2. SQL Injections
SQL injection is a form of cybercrime that uses malicious code and manipulates the backend database to gain access to information that isn’t intended to be displayed. These attacks mostly target sensitive and private data such as customer details and user lists. SQLI can cause long-term damage, such as the deletion of tables, unauthorized viewing of user lists, or administrative access to databases.
Also read: 7 Ways to Improve Your Security Posture
3. Cross-Site Scripting
Cross-Site is another form of injection breach in which attackers send malicious code to websites they believe are responsible or reputed. Hackers inject malicious code into websites and applications that are trusted. When a user visits infected web pages, malicious JavaScipt code executes on his browser. This code can be used for stealing passwords and usernames.
4. DDoS Attacks
These attacks are designed to shut down networks or services and make them unavailable to their intended users. These attacks overwhelm the target site with lots of traffic and flood it with information that could cause it to crash. DDoS attacks are primarily directed at web servers in high-profile organizations like the government and trade firms.
5. Password Attack
These programs are used to try to crack a password or decrypt it. In such cases, attackers can use Password Sniffers, Dictionary Attacks, and Cracking programs. These attacks can be carried out by gaining access to passwords stored in a file or exported.
6. Eavesdropping Attack
The interception of network traffic is the first step in an eavesdropping attack. This cybercrime is also known as Snooping or Sniffing. This type of cybercrime involves individuals attempting to steal information from computers, smartphones, and other devices.
7. Brute-Force & Dictionary Network Attack
These are network attacks in which attackers try to log into user accounts directly by checking. Trying out various passwords until they find the right one.
8. Inside Threats
Some network attacks are not carried out by outsiders. An inside attack is a common form of cybercrime. This is done on a network or system by people who have been granted access to the same system.
9. Man-in-The-Middle Attacks
An attacker can listen in on the communication between two entities to perform a man-in-the-middle attack. This cybercrime can affect both the communication parties, as the attacker has the ability to do whatever they want with the interpreted information.
10. AI-powered Attacks
Computer systems can now be programmed to learn and teach themselves. These AI-powered cybercrimes are a new form of cybercrime that will only get better.
Machine Learning is an algorithmic process that allows AI to be used in everyday applications. This software is designed to train computers to do specific tasks on their own. These tasks can be accomplished by learning about the obstacles and how to overcome them. This could potentially hinder their progression.
Artificial Intelligence can hack into many systems, including autonomous drones or vehicles, and transform them into potentially deadly weapons. AI-powered apps can be used to commit cyber crimes like Password Cracking and Identity Theft. They also allow for automated, robust, and efficient attacks.
11. Drive-by Attacks
Drive-by attacks can be used to spread malware via insecure websites. Hackers look first for sites with lower security parameters, then place malicious scripts in PHP or HTTP code onto one page. This script can then install malware directly onto any computer that visits the site.
12. Phishing Attacks
A Social Engineering attack is a Phishing Attack. that is used to steal sensitive data like login credentials and credentials or credit card details. Attackers pretend to be trusted people and trick victims into clicking malicious links.
13. Spear Phishing Attacks
Individuals who want unauthorized access to data are targeting specific organizations. These hacks don’t happen randomly but are carried out by individuals who want to gain specific information, such as military intelligence or trade secrets.
14. Whale Phishing Attacks
Whale Phishing Attacks are a form of Phishing that targets high-ranking individuals such as CEOs and CFOs. This attack primarily targets information theft because these individuals have access to unlimited data and can be accessed sensitive data.
Malware can be described as a program or code that is designed to attack or affect computer systems without the consent of the user.
Ransomware blocks victims‘ access to their data and deletes them if the ransom is not paid.
17. Trojan Horses
Trojan Horse is a type of malicious software program gram that attempts to disguise itself as useful. Although it appears to be a regular application, Trojan Horse causes data file damage once it is executed.
18. Teardrop Attack
Teardrop attacks are a type of attack that causes fragmentation of the Internet Protocol (IP), packets. These fragmented packets are then sent to the victim’s computer.
19. Ping of Death Attack
The Ping of Death Attack refers to a form of cybercrime in which IP packets ping targets systems with IP sizes exceeding the maximum byte limit.
PUPs stands for Potentially Unwanted Programs. This malware is less dangerous than other cyber crimes. This attack removes the necessary search engine and pre-downloaded applications from your system. It is a smart idea to install antivirus software in order to protect against malicious downloads.
Also read: What is Cybersecurity Risk Management?
How to Fight Cybercrime
Cybercrime is undoubtedly one of the most pressing concerns in the digital age. However, there are many online security options that are simple and effective. It is essential to continue developing new security strategies and initiatives in order to keep up with criminals. It is therefore important to stay up-to-date with the latest developments in Cyber Security.
Below are some ways you can fight various types of Cyber crime:
- Update your operating system and your software. The most recent security patches for your computer can only be obtained if your operating system is up-to-date.
- Use the most recent version of Antivirus software. Protecting your system against threats is simple when anti-virus software scans, identifies, and eliminates potential threats before they become problems.
- Secure logins with strong passwords. Use complex passwords that are both secure and private to ensure your logins remain protected
- They are difficult to understand and should not be written down.
- Spam emails contain attachments and links that you should not open. These attachments can be used to spread malware or other cybercrimes to infect your computer. Do not click on links from spam emails or untrusted websites.
- Don’t share your personal information. Always verify the email address, phone number, and the person you’re speaking to before you divulge any personal information.
- If you receive suspicious calls from someone claiming to be calling on your behalf, contact the company directly.
- Pay attention to URLs (websites you visit). Make sure you check the URLs you are visiting. Avoid clicking on URLs that look strange or unrelated. Before you make any online financial transactions, ensure that your internet security software has transaction security functionality.
- You should keep an eye on your bank statements. If you see any unusual transactions, query the bank.
Conclusion — Types of Cyber Crime
We have discussed 20 types of cyber crime in this article. You’re looking for a comprehensive course that will teach you both the most common cyber crimes and also how to protect your systems using offensive cyber security methods.